European Union


European Union
(Union européenne)
   A political, economic, and monetary union, the European Union (Union européenne), or EU as it is also known, was formally established on February 7, 1993, when the governments of the 12 members states (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and spain) signed the Treaty of Maastricht, which was then ratified by the member nations' national legislatures. In 1994, Austria, Finland, and sweden joined the Eu, which brought the total to 15 nations. The Eu is the most recent in a series of European cooperative organizations that originated with the European Coal and steel Community (ECSC) of 1951, which in turn became the European Community (EC) in 1967. The Maastricht treaty transformed the EC into the EU. Among the several objectives of the Eu are its efforts to promote and expand cooperation among its members in several areas, including economics and trade, social issues, security, judicial matters, and foreign policy. Another major goal has been to implement the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), which established a single currency for all Eu members, the euro. with the exception of the EMu, which has established a single currency for all Eu members, progress toward these other goals has been somewhat slower. The ability of the Eu to achieve its objectives has been limited by disagreements among its members, a number of external economic and political issues, and pressure for membership from the new Eastern European democracies. Historically, the idea of European unity goes back many centuries, but only after World War II did proposals for some kind of supranational European organization become more frequent (see jean monnet). By the early 1950s, some steps toward this goal had been achieved. These included the creation of Benelux and the ECSC (see Robert Schumann). In 1957, the European Economic Community (EEC), often referred to as the Common Market, was established. In the same year, the treaty was ratified that created the European Atomic Energy Community, known also as Euratom. These treaties, signed in Rome, Italy, paved the way for other cooperative efforts. with the coming to power of nationalist charles de gaulle in France, however, progress toward unity was slowed. After 1969, the EC began to expand both its scope and its goals. Presently, the 25 nations of the Eu are represented in the European Parliament, whose 626 members are popularly elected by the citizens of the Eu states. See also delors, jacques.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • European Union — n. A union of European countries that exists to create uniform economic, judicial, and security policies throughout Europe. abbrv. EU The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008.… …   Law dictionary

  • European Union — Union européenne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Europe (homonymie) et UE (homonymie). Union européenne (*) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • European Union — n the European Union EU a European political and economic organization that encourages trade and friendship between the countries that are members …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • European Union — n. a union of European nations created by treaty and put into effect in 1993 for the purpose of working gradually toward an economic and political unification of Europe by means of a unified monetary policy, a common currency, standardized laws… …   English World dictionary

  • European Union (EU) — European Union (EU)  Европейский Союз (ЕС)   в состав входят  25 европейских государств, подписавших Договор о Европейском Союзе: Бельгия, Нидерланды, Люксембург, Франция, Италия, Великобритания, Ирландия, Дания, Греция, Испания, Португалия,… …   Финансовый словарь

  • European Union — ► NOUN ▪ an economic and political association of certain European countries as a unit with internal free trade and common external tariffs …   English terms dictionary

  • European Union — 1. an association of European nations formed in 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration. Formerly known as the European Economic Community, the European Union s member states are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland,… …   Universalium

  • European Union — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::European Union <p></p> Preliminary statement: <p></p> The evolution of what is today the European Union (EU) from a regional economic agreement among six neighboring… …   The World Factbook

  • European Union — noun an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union • Syn: ↑EU, ↑European Community, ↑EC, ↑European …   Useful english dictionary

  • European Union — (EU)    The organisation created as the European Economic Community (EEC) by the Treaty of Rome (March 1957), whose preamble opens with the words: ‘Determined to lay the foundations of an ever closer union among the people of Europe’. The six… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.